One such commonly used medication for dermatologic and rheumatologic inflammatory conditions is hydroxychloroquine (Plaquenil), a chloroquine derivative. It is used to treat many diseases including malaria, rheumatoid arthritis and systemic lupus erythematosus. Chloroquine overdose death Hydroxychloroquine is it water pill FAF is an objective imaging test that uses the properties of the RPE to detect early toxicity. In early hydroxychloroquine toxicity, FAF often shows subtle parafoveal hyperautofluorescence, thought to be related to increased lipofuscin activity in the RPE. 4 In later stages of disease, hypoautofluorescence will be noted and is an indication of. Note This document contains side effect information about hydroxychloroquine. Some of the dosage forms listed on this page may not apply to the brand name Plaquenil. For the Consumer. Applies to hydroxychloroquine oral tablet. Along with its needed effects, hydroxychloroquine the active ingredient contained in Plaquenil may cause some unwanted effects. What is Plaquenil? Plaquenil is a drug used in the acute treatment of malaria. It is also used in the long –term treatment of rheumatoid arthritis and lupus erythematosus. Its generic name is hydroxychloroquine sulfate. Chloroquine has been replaced with hydroxychloroquine as it has less side effects. Eye Exam Before Starting Treatment It is imperative that patients and physicians are aware of and watch for this drug’s ocular side effects. Retinal toxicity from hydroxychloroquine is rare, but even if the medication is discontinued, vision loss may be irreversible and may continue to progress. Serious toxicity of hydroxychloroquin Treatment of hydroxychloroquine overdose - ScienceDirect, Plaquenil Side Effects Common, Severe, Long Term - Chloroquine injection side effectsPlaquenil drug insertChloroquine lupus treatment Serious side effects are rare. The most common side effects are nausea and diarrhea, which often improve with time. Less common side effects include rash, changes in skin pigment such as darkening or dark spots, hair changes, and muscle weakness. Rarely, hydroxychloroquine can lead to anemia in some individuals. Hydroxychloroquine Plaquenil. Plaquenil Hydroxychloroquine Side Effects and Adverse Reactions. Hydroxychloroquine Oral Route Side Effects - Mayo Clinic. Find patient medical information for Plaquenil Oral on WebMD including its uses, side effects and safety, interactions, pictures, warnings and user ratings. Plaquenil can cause serious side effects when used in high doses for chronic diseases such as RA over the long term. The New Zealand Dermatological Society recommends that to decrease the risk of retina damage, no more than 200mg of Plaquenil should be taken a day, and a dose of 400mg per day should be taken no longer than a few weeks. Diagnosis Hydroxychloroquine-induced retinal toxicity Discussion. Chloroquine CQ and hydroxychloroquine Plaquenil HCQ have been used for many years, initially for the treatment of malaria but now more commonly for the treatment of inflammatory diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis and lupus 1.